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2014考研英语:写作重点词汇及热点句型

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2014考研英语:写作重点词汇及热点句型。

万学海文供稿

一、热点词汇

welfare n.福利、幸福 security n.安全  punishment n.惩罚  dishonest adj.不诚实的

goal n.目的、目标         benefit: n.利益,好处       viewpoint: n.观点          quality: n.质量、品质

healthy development: n.健康成长 population explosion: n.人口爆炸         utilize: vt.利用

traditional virtue: n.传统美德  competition: n.竞争knowledge: n.知识  skill: n.技能

advantage: n.优势  cooperation: n.合作        sympathy: n.同情   false: adj.错误的、虚假的

attract: vt..吸引  influence: n.影响         impact: n. 影响 technology: n.技术  education: n.教育   experience: n.经验                 fund: n.资金       blueprint: n.蓝图、计划  purpose: n.目的、意图resource: n.资源 environment: n.环境          wildlife: n.野生动植物  appearance: n.外表

inner quality: n.内在品质          material wealth: n.物质财富          moral standards: n.道德标准

behavior: n.行为       responsibility: n.责任    privacy: n.隐私      equipment: n.设备

foothold: n.立足处   difficulty: n.困难   challenge: n.挑战 psychological: adj.心理上的

defeat: n.失败   victory: n.胜利  courage: n.勇气     determination: n.决心

persistence: n.坚持 effort: n.努        confidence: n.自信        fake and inferior: n.假冒伪略产品

misconception: n.误解  nourishment: n.营养品        pressure: n.压力              diligent: n.勤勉的

二、热点句型

1.If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions, you must work hard, exert efforts and get prepared. Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you.

如果你想取得成就或实现你的雄心壮志,就必须努力工作,艰苦奋斗,作好准备。负责,即使机遇来临你也无法利用。

2.Today an increasing number of people have realized that legal education is of great importance. In order to keep public order,everyone of us is supposed to get legal education.

现在,愈来愈多的人认识到了法制教育的重要性。为了维护公共秩序,我们每个人都应接受法制教育。

3.Many things contribute to success.Of all these factors, willpower, courage, and confidence are the most important.

能否获得成功取决于许多因素,最重要的是坚强的意志、勇气和自信。

4.The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.

最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。

5.To survive and succeed in the 21st century, the cross-century talents should have good education backgrounds. 要在21世纪里不被淘汰且有所成就,垮世纪人才应该是受过良好教育的人。

6. Computers are playing a very important role in our life. With the help of computers, workers can produce more products, scientists can do research work more efficiently, and students can get information more quickly.

计算机在我们生活的各个方面都起着重要作用。有了计算机的帮助,工人可以生产更多的产品,科学家可以更高效地做研究,学生可以更快的查到信息。

7.An investigation shows that female workers tend to have favorable attitude toward retirement.

一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休。

8.At the same time, young people should be encouraged to communicate with their peers and develop their interpersonal skills, which may help them greatly to reduce dependence on their parents and are essential in maintenance of healthy mental condition.

同时,应鼓励年轻人和他们的同龄人交往,发展他们的交际能力,这将帮助他们极大地减少对父母的依赖并且保持健康的精神状态。

9.常用的写作句型套路:

1)定义法

Honesty refers to the quality of a person who tells the truth and works without cheating. Honesty is regarded as the most important virtue admired everywhere.

诚实指人们讲真话、在工作中不欺诈的品质。诚实被认为是无时无地都受到尊敬的美德。

2)对比法

Those who oppose this phenomenon argue that it brings a great burden and pressure to the family, and for students they cannot adapt to the new culture very quickly. But people who are in favor of such behavior maintain that children will be more competitive and well repaid in the future life.  反对这一现象的人认为它给家庭带来了巨大的负担和压力,对学生而言他们不能很快地适应新文化。但是赞成这一行为的人认为孩子在未来会更具有竞争力并得到回报。

3)There be 结构

There is no sense in leaving important decisions to inexperienced people.

把重要的决定留给没经验的人去做作是毫无道理的。

4)It结构

It is certain that fresh air and exercises are more valuable than medicine.

毫无疑问的是呼吸新鲜的空气和锻炼比吃药很可贵。

5)表示结果

Too much work and too little rest may lead to loss of heath.

过度工作,极少休息会损害健康。

6)表条件

Without a degree and with no experience in teaching, her chance of getting the job is slim.

没有文凭,没有教学经验,她得到这份工作的机会微乎其微。

10.Millions of people have to spend more time and energy on studying new skills and technology so that they can keep a favorable position in the job market.

成千上万的人们不得不花费更多的精力和时间学习新的技术和知识,以使自己在就业市场保持优势。

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