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备考2013年MBA英语单词词根总汇及记忆法

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背单词当然要靠刻苦,但是助记法的作用决不可以忽视。

现五月中旬,正是MBA复习起步阶段,MBA考生由于放下课本时间很长了,对原有的知识多是模糊的,或者失去了印象,特别是英语联考部分,因此初期的重点可以放在词汇和阅读上;上海华宏MBA培训中心(www.shhmba.com)周志恒老师指出:背单词当然要靠刻苦,但是助记法的作用决不可以忽视。坊间流行的诸多著作宣称可以利用某种独门绝学“轻轻松松背单词”,其实不然;以下是周老师总结出来MBA联考中用到的194个词根总汇。

A

act, ag = to do, to drive

activity, activate激活, inactive, agency机构;介绍所, agent, agenda议事日程, agitate摇动(液体);鼓动:使焦虑*enact,

ali, alter = otherwise, else

alien外国的;外星人, alter(局部)修改, alternate交替(的), alternative替换…的东西(to), *altruism

al, ol, ul = to feed, to raise

adult, adolescent青少年, accumulate积累, *cumulative

am- = loving

amateur业余的(艺术家等), amiable友善的

amb = to go round

ambulance救护车, ambition雄心,抱负, ambitious, ambiguous模棱两可的

anim = breath; mind

animate动画, unanimous一致同意的

an-, ante-, anti- = before

ancient, ancestor祖先, antenna天线, ant蚂蚁, anticipate预料,期望, anticipation, antique古董

aud = to hear

audio, audible, audience, audit审计, auditorium礼堂, obey遵守, obedient听话的

aster, str, stell = starwww.shhmba.com

astronomy, astronaut宇航员, disaster灾难, *constellation

aug, auc, aux = to increase

auction拍卖, augment增大, auxiliary辅助的

auth = creator

authentic真正的, authorize授权, authoritative, authority权利,权威;官方(pl)

B

bat = to beat

bat蝙蝠, battle战役, battery电池, combat战斗, debate辩论, *batter

ben, bene, bon, boun = good

benefit好处;收益, beneficial有利的, benign良性的,和蔼的 bonus奖金

brac = arm, claw

brace臂, bracket括号;组, embrace拥抱

C

cad, cas, cid = to fall, to happen

accident, incident突发事件, accidental偶然的, incidentally=by the way, incidence发生率, coincide和…一起发生, coincidence巧合, decay腐烂, accuse控告, casual随意的, casualty伤亡率, occasion场合

calc, cal = pebble

calculate, calendar日历, calcium钙

can = hollow stick

can, cane, canal运河, cannon, canoe独木舟, canvas

cap, cop, cab = to hold, to catch

capable, capacity能力;容量, capsule胶囊, capture捕获, captive俘虏,cope对付, cop警察, cab出租车, cabin机舱, cabinet内阁, cable电缆, occupy, occupation职业

cap, cab = head

cape海角, capital, captain队长;船长, *caption, chapter, cabbage

car = car, to carry

cart手推车, career, cargo货物, carriage马车;车厢, carrier, garage, carpenter木匠

cede, ceed, cess = to go, to walk, to yield

succeed, access得到;途径, accessory服饰, cease停止, concede让步, concession, exceed超过, excess过量, excessive, precede在前, preceding, precedent先例, unprecedented尚无先例的, predecessor前辈, procedure步骤, recede退步, recession衰退, succession连续, successive

cel, cele, ceil = prominent, high

ceiling天花板, excel, celebrate, celebrity名人, accelerate加速

ceive, cept, cip = to take, to hold

conceive设想,想象, concept, perceive感觉;视为, perception观点,思想, deceive, deception, deceit欺骗, discipline纪律;惩罚;自律;学科, except, exception例外, exceptional, excerpt节选, receipt, recipe菜谱, recipient接受者, reciprocal相互的, susceptible易受影响的(to), anticipate期待;预示, participate参加, participant参加者, dissipate消散;挥霍

cern, cert, cre, cri = to separate, to judge

certificate, certify证明, ascertain确定,查明, assert断言;主张, criterion标准, critical批评的,反对的;关键的, criticize, crisis危机, *decree

cern, cre, cri = to sift筛选

discern察觉, *discrete, discreet(言行)谨慎的, discrepancy差异, discriminate(against)歧视, discrimination

cid, cis = to cut

decide, decisive果断的, concise简明的, precise精确的, precision, suicide自杀, scissors剪刀, assassination暗杀

civ = citizen

civil国内的, civilian平民, civilization文明, civilize, village, vulgar粗俗的,庸俗的

cit, cite = to summon, to urge, to call

excite, cite引用, recite背诵, solicitor律师, *elicit

claim = to call

claim声称;要求;认领, acclaim向…欢呼;公认, exclaim喊叫, proclaim声称, reclaim开垦(荒地)

clin = to bend, to lean

incline倾斜;倾向于, decline下降;衰退;谢绝, cliff悬崖, client客户, clinic诊所, climate气候;气氛, *clan

clud, clus, clos = to shut www.shhmba.com

conclude得出结论;结束, include, exclude, exclusive独家的;高级的, preclude阻碍, disclose揭开, enclose随信附上, cluster丛,群 clause条款

cognis, gno, gnos = to know

recognize辨认;承认, cognitive认知的, diagnose诊断, diagnosis, ignore, ignorant无知的

cor, cord, cour, cred = heart, center; trust

core, cordial诚恳的, accord, accordance一致, accordingly因此, encourage, discourage阻止, credit荣誉;信用, incredible难以置信的

Cf. court, courtesy礼貌, chorus合唱;同声

copr, corpor = body

corps, corporation, corporate企业的, incorporate融合

cosm, cosmo = order, ornament

costume流行服饰;戏装, cosmic宇宙的, *cosmopolitan,*cosmetic化妆品,

cra, crat = power, to rule

democracy民主, *democrat, monarch帝王, bureaucracy官僚主义, bureaucratic

Cf. demo = the people   *demography, epidemic流行病

cult, colon = to cultivate

cultivate培育, colony殖民地, colonial, colonize,*cult

cur, cours = to run

course, current当代的;水(电)流, currency货币, curriculum课程, excursion短途旅行, incur招致, occur, occurrence, recur反复发生, intercourse交往, discourse篇章, curb控制, curl卷发, curtain窗帘;遮掩, curve曲线, curse诅咒, corridor走廊

cur, car = take care of

cure, accurate准确的, accuracy, curiosity好奇, secure保障的, security, caress爱抚, charity慈善, cherish珍爱;怀有

dec = ten

decade, decimal十进制

dec = proper, pretty

decent体面的, decorate装饰, deck甲板

dign = worthy

dignity尊严, *indignity, indignant气愤的

din, dot, dow = give

pardon, donate捐, donation, donor, anecdote轶事,趣闻, dose剂量, endow捐赠;赋予

do, du, dou = two

double, dozen, dual双重的, dubious怀疑的, duplicate复制, *dub

doc, doct, dox=to tell; to teach

document文件, *doctrine, orthodox正统的, paradox矛盾的

dom, domin = to rule, to reign, home

kingdom, domain(思想)领域, domestic家庭的;国内的, dominate主宰, dominant, predominate盛行的, dome, abdomen腹部,肚子, dormitory宿舍, dorm, timber木材, tame驯服的

dem- = people

democracy民主, democratic, epidemic流行病

duce, duct = to lead

educate, education, reduce, reduction, deduct扣除;演绎, dock码头, conduct导电(热), conductor导体;乐队指挥, semiconductor半导体, induce引诱, introduce, produce, productive, reproduce繁殖

dur = lasting

durable耐用的, duration, endurance耐力, endure忍受

dyn = power

dynasty朝代, dynamic动力的;有生气的

E

eco = house; to exist

economic经济的, economical节俭的, economize, ecology, eco-friendly

em, am, empt, mpt =to take

example, examine审视, exemplify举例, exempt免除的, prompt促使;迅速的

equ = even, equal

adequate充分的, inadequate不足的, equality平等, equation方程式, equator赤道, equivalent相当于的

F

fab, fib = to build

fabric织物, fabricate编造, fable寓言, fabulous极好的, fiber

fact, fect, fict, feat, feit, fet, fit = to make, to produce, to do

facility设施;能力, facilitate使容易, faculty全体教师, factor, fake假冒的, defeat, defect缺点, deficiency缺陷, deficit赤字,亏空, manufacture, affect, affection爱, infect感染, infection, infectious, effect, efficiency, profit, benefit, proficiency熟练, feature特色, feat业绩, fatigue疲劳, feasible可行的

fan, fam = talk

fame声誉, infant婴儿

fan, phan = to appear, to imagine

fan, phenomenon, fancy想象;花哨的, fantastic美妙的,极好的, fantasy幻觉, fond, faint昏倒;微弱的, fade褪色, *fanatic,

fare = to go

fare交通费, airfare机票, welfare, farewell告别, warfare, *thoroughfare

fas, fasc, fos, fat = to bundle, to fix www.shhmba.com

fast坚固的, fasten扎牢, fascinate使着迷, fascinating, feast盛宴, festival, fist, fate命运, fatal致命的, *fatality, fossil化石

fend, fens = to strike

defend护卫, defense, fence篱笆, offend冒犯, offense违法, offence, offensive

fer = to carry, to bear, to produce

conference, ferry渡船, freight货物, fertile肥沃的, fertilizer肥料, infer推理, refer, transfer转移,调离, *defer

fess = to speak

confess承认, manifest表明;明白的

fid, fi = to trust, true

confidence, faith信仰, faithful忠诚的, confidential机密的, federal联邦的, defy违抗, defiance违抗, hi-fi高保真(音响)

fin, finis = to end, to bound

define定义, definite明确的, definitely, definition, infinite无限的, confine局限,限制;范围, refine提炼, finance金融;资助, financial

flat = to blow

flat平的;公寓;爆胎的, flatter拍马,奉承, inflate, inflation通货膨胀

flect, flict, flex = to bend, to turn

reflect反映;反射;反思, refection, flexible灵活的

flict = to strike

conflict冲突, *afflict, *inflict

flu, flo = to run

flow, flood, flu流感, fluctuate上下波动, fluent流利的, fluid, flush脸红, float, affluent富裕的, influential有影响力的, overflow溢出

form = to shape

format格式, formula公式, formulate规划,设计, uniform统一的;制服, framework框架

fract, frag = to break to pieces

fragile脆弱的, fraction小部分, fiction小说, fracture骨折, fragment碎片, fragrance芳香, frustrate使沮丧

fund, found = base, bottom

found成立, foundation基础, fountain泉, fundamental, profound深刻的,深奥的, funeral葬礼

fuse, fund = to pour, to cast

refuse, refusal, confuse使混乱;使迷惑, confusion, fuse保险丝;熔化, diffuse扩散, refund退款, refute驳斥

gen, gent, gn, kin, = to produce, birth

gene, genetic, gender性别, generate产生;发电, generation, generator, generous慷慨的, genius天才, genuine真正的, degenerate, homogeneous同种类的, ingenious灵巧的, pregnant, germ微生物,细菌, kin家族;血缘关系, kindness, kindergarten幼儿园

gest, ger- = to bring, to convey

digest消化, exaggerate夸大, gesture身体语;手势, register注册

grad, gress = to go; step

grade, progress, gradual循序渐进的, upgrade升级, aggressive, aggression侵略, congress, progressive, greed贪婪, greedy, ingredient组成成分

grav, gr = heavy

regret, gravity严重, grave, aggravate加剧, gray, grief悲伤, grieve

H

habit, hibit = to hold, to keep

inhabit居住在, inhabitant居民, inhibit禁止, exhibit展现, exhibition, prohibit禁止

her, hes = to cling, to stick

hesitate, inherit继承, adhere依附, coherent条理清楚的, inherent内在的, heir继承人, heritage遗产

hum = ground, soil

humanity, humble自卑的, humiliate使羞辱, humor, humid潮湿的, humidity

cf. hydr = water (hydrogen氢+ carbohydrate)

I

it = to go

exit出口处, initiate使开始, initiative主动, initial最初的, circuit电路, *itinerary

J

ject = to throw

jet喷气飞机, reject, inject注射, eject弹出, object反对, project投影, subject使隶属于;使遭受

join, junct = to connect

joint关节, junction, adjacent邻近的, adjoin, conjunction, jungle丛里

jud, jur, just = to judge, jus, juris = law, right

just, justice公正;司法, judgment, *judicial, jury, justify, justification, prejudice, adjust, injure

L

laps = to slip

collapse崩溃, lapse失误;流逝, elapse(时光)流逝, eclipse

lav, lau, lu = to wash

lavatory, launch开始;推出, laundry, dilute稀释

lax, lyze = to loosen

relax, analyze, analysis, paralyze瘫痪, release, relish美味;乐趣, lease租借, leisure

lect, leg, lig = to read aloud, to gather, to choose

legend传说, allege断言, collective集体的, elect, election, select, selection, selective, intellect, intellectual, diligent勤奋的, diligence, neglect, negligible, recollect, elegant优雅的, elegance, eligible符合条件的, elite精英

leg = to appoint, to send, lawful

legal法律的,合法的, illegal非法的, delegate派遣;代表, delegation代表团, legacy遗产, legislation立法, legitimate合法的, privilege特权

lev, live = to lift up, levis = light

elevate提高, elevator, lever杠杠, levy征税, alleviate减轻, relieve, relief宽慰;救济金

lig, leag, li, lo, ly = to bind

religion, league联盟, colleague, liable有可能的,倾向的, liability责任;债务;不利条件, ally同盟, alliance, alloy合金, oblige迫使, obligation义务, rally, coalition同盟;联合

liter = letter www.shhmba.com

literature字面的, literal, literacy有文化,有读写能力 literally, literary文学的, illiterate文盲

loc, locus = to place

local本地的, locate确定方位;located位于, location方位, locomotive机车头, allocate分配, *collocation

log, loqu = thought, saying

dialog(ue), analog(ue)类似, analogy类比, catalog(ue), logic, apology, eloquent雄辩的, slogan口号

lumin = light

illuminate照明, lamp, enlighten启发

lust, luc, lud = bright

illustrate说明, illustration阐述, illusion错觉, *elude, *elusive

magn, maj, max = great

majority, magic魔术, magistrate治安官, magnet磁铁, magnificent壮观的, magnify放大, magnitude广大, majesty雄伟, maximum最大量, mayor, climax高潮

man, manu, min = hand, to handle

manufacture, maneuver操纵, manipulate操纵;熟练使用, manual手册;人工的, minister大臣,部长, ministry, administration行政管理, command命令;掌握, commence开始, *commencement

med, medi, mid = center

Mediterranean地中海, medal奖牌, metal, media, midst, medieval中世纪的, intermediate中级的, permeate渗透, mild温和的

ment, mend, mind, mon = to think, to speak

mental, mention, commend称赞, recommend, comment, mood情绪, mediate沉思,冥想meditation, monitor监视,监听;显示器;班长, monument纪念碑, summon召唤,召集;(up)鼓起(勇气),monster怪物;巨人,demonstrate论证;演示;显示;示威游行

merc = trade

commerce商业, commercial电视广告, merchandise商品, merchant商人, mercury, mercy怜悯, merit优点,长处

merge, mers = to sink, to plunge, to swallow

emerge出现, merge合并, emergency紧急情况;急诊, immerse使沉浸, submerge

meter, mens = to measure

meter, metric公制的, diameter直径, geometry几何学, thermometer温度计, dimension大小,尺寸, immense巨大的, symmetry对称

min = small www.shhmba.com

minute微小的, minimal最小的, minimize, minimum, minor次要的, minority少数(民族), minus减;缺点, miniature微型景观, diminish减少

mir, mar = to wonder

mirror, admire, miracle奇迹, marvelous

miss, mit = to send, to throw

admit, admission, missile导弹, mission使命, commit承诺;犯(罪或错), commitment敬业;承诺, committee, commission佣金, dismiss解聘;解散;撤销(案子), dismissal, emit排放, emission, omit省略, omission, permit, permission, *permissive溺爱的, premise前提, promise希望,前途, promising, submit递交;屈服(to), transmit传播

men, ment, mon, mat, math = to think

mention, comment评论, monitor班长, monument纪念碑, summon召唤, monster怪物, demonstrate示范

mort = death

mortal终有一死的, immortal不朽的, mortgage抵押

mot, mut, mov, mob = to move

move举动, motion运动,移动, motive动机, motivation动力, mobile, mobilize动员, mobility机动性, promote提拔;促进;促销, remote遥远的, remove, momentum动力, commute坐车上下班, *motto

N

nov = new

novel新颖的, novelty, novice, innovation创新, renovate翻新

norm = carpenter’s square; standard of behavior

normal, norm准则, enormous巨大的, abnormal变态的

not, gn, norm = to mark, to know

notable, noticeable, noble高贵的, notify通知, notion理念, notorious声名狼藉的, denote意味着

acknowledge承认, cognitive认知的, recognition承认;意识, diagnosis诊断, diagnose, ignore, ignorant无知的, norm准则, enormous巨大的, abnormal, acquaintance熟人, acquaint使认识

nur, nour, nutr = to breast-feed

nurse, nursery, nurture培养,教育 nourish养育, nutrition营养, *nutrient

O

ord = line, row, series

orderly有序的, disorder混乱, coordinate协调, extraordinary, subordinate下属, ornament装饰品

opt = to choose

opt选择, option, optional可选的, optimism, optimistic乐观的, adopt领养;采纳, optimum最适宜的

ora = to speak, to pray

adore崇拜,爱慕, oral口头的, oath誓言

ori = rise

origin, original, originate起源, originality独创,原创, orient以…为导向, the Orient东方, oriental东方的, orientation

pass, pat, path = feeling

passion激情, passionate, passive被动的, compassion同情, pathetic同情的, patience, impatient浮躁的, compatible兼容的, sympathetic, sympathy同情

pat, part = father

patent专利, pattern模式, patron主顾, patriot爱国者, patriotic

par, part, port = part

department, partial偏袒的, particle微粒, partition, compartment, depart离开, departure, impart灌输, parcel, portion份, portrait肖像画, portray刻画, proportion比例

par, per = to make ready, to command

prepare, apparatus设备, emperor皇帝, empire帝国, imperial帝国的, imperative强制的;紧急的, repertoire全部节目

par = equal, similar

compare, comparable相当的, comparative, comparison比较, parallel平行的, paradox似非而是的话, peer同辈, parasite寄生虫

ped, pad, pas, pass = foot

pedal踏板, pedestrian行人, expedition探险, *impede, perpetual永久的, pad垫;便签, paddle浆, compass, , pasture牧场

pen, pend, pens = to hang, to weigh, to pay

expense, depend, suspend吊销, pendulum钟摆, appendix附录, pension退休金, expenditure, suspense悬念, compensate补偿, compensation, *dispense, indispensable不可或缺的, ponder沉思

pet, peat = to go toward, to seek, to demand

petition请愿书, appetite胃口;爱好, competent称职的, impetus推动力,促进, repetition

pel, peal, puls = to push, to drive

compel迫使, pulse脉搏, compulsory强制的, expel驱逐, imperial, impulse冲动, propel驱动, repel击退;使厌恶,* repeal, appeal

phon, phe = sound, to speak

prophet预言家, prophecy, symphony交响乐

plen, plete, ple, pli, ply = to fill

accomplish, complete, ample充分的, amplify放大, compliment称赞, complement, comply遵守, supply, supplement补充

ple, pli, plo, ply, plex, plic = to fold

complex, complicated, plausible似乎合理的, implement执行, imply, implication, implicit含蓄的;固有的, explicit明确的 perplex使困惑, deploy布置, display, exploit利用;剥削, explore, duplicate复制, diploma**, diplomat, diplomatic外交的;圆滑的, triple三倍的, multiple, multiply繁殖;大量增加, multitude大量, plus, plural复数的;多元文化的

pol, polis, polit = city

polite, political, politics, poll民意调查, metropolitan大都市的

port = to carry

transport, porter搬运工, portable便携的, porch, import, export

pos, post = to put

pose摆姿势, composition, poster, posture姿态, compose, deposit, dispose处理,抡弃, disposal, disposition性情, expose暴露, exposure, impose强加, oppose, preposition, purpose, symposium专题讨论会

preci, pric, prais = value

precious珍贵的, appreciate感谢;欣赏;理解, appraise评估, appraisal

press

depress使沮丧;使萧条, depression郁闷;萧条, compress压缩, express表达;特快的, expression表情;词组, expressive, impress, oppress压迫, repress压制, suppress抑制

pri, prim, prin, prem = first

priority优先, primarily, prime最重要的, primitive原始的, prince, princess, principal主要的;校长, principle原则, premier总理, premium保险金;奖品

pri = one’s own

private, privacy个人自由, privilege特权, deprive剥夺

prob, prov = to test, to make good

probe探索, proof, proud, approve批准,同意, approval, improve, reproach责备

prox, proach = near

approximate大约, approach接近;方法, *proximity

pute = to reckon

compute, deputy副职, dispute争端, reputation声誉

quire, quist, quest = to seek, to ask

quest追求, questionnaire问卷调查, acquire习得, acquisition, conquer征服, conquest, exquisite精致的, inquiry询问;研究

R

rat = to compute, to reason

rate, ratio, rational理性的, irrational非理性的

rect = right, straight

correct, rectangle四边形, rectify纠正, direct, indirect间接的, erect垂直的

reg, reig, rig = to rule, to manage

regular, regulation制度, regime领域, region, register注册, reign统治, rein缰绳;控制, reinforce加强, sovereign有主权的;君王, realm领域, royal皇家的, *rig

rod, rot, ros = to gnaw

rat, rot腐烂, rotten, corrode腐蚀, erosion腐蚀;削弱

rum, run, rupt = to break

bankrupt破产, interrupt打断, corrupt腐败, abrupt唐突的, disrupt中断, erupt爆发, rumor谣言, ruin破坏;废墟

S

sane = health

sane, insane发疯的, *sanitation 卫生

sacr = become holy

sacred神圣的, sacrifice牺牲, sanction批准,认可;制裁, saint圣人

scend, scal = to climb

scale刻度;规模, ascend攀登, ascent, escalate上升, descend下降, descendant后裔

scop, scap, scep, skep = to look

scope范围;余地, landscape, telescope, microscope, skeptical怀疑的

scribe,script = to write

describe, description, script, *ascribe, manuscript手稿, prescribe, prescription处方, subscribe订阅, subscription

se, sect, seg = to cut

section, sector部分, insect昆虫, segment段,部分, intersection十字路口, separate, several, *segregation

sed, set, sess, sid, sit = to sit, to stand, to fix, to stop

session会议, obsession着迷, possess, possession, setback挫折, setting, settlement, assess评估, asset资产, preside, residence, resident, subsidiary, subsidy补贴, situated位于

sensm sent, scen = to perceive

sensation感觉;轰动一时的事情, sensible明智的, sensitive敏感的, sentiment柔情, sentimental, scenery, scent, *obscene, incentive刺激, consent同意, consensus一致, nonsense胡说, absence, presence, presentation发言, represent代表, resent怨恨

ser, sert = to join, to put

desert离弃, exert施加, insert, series(一)系列, serial连载小说;连续剧

serv = to keep

preserve, conserve, reserve, conservation节约, conservative保守的, reservation预定;保留意见, deserve, observe, observation, reservoir水库

sequ, secut, su = to follow

consequence后果, sequence顺序, consecutive, consequently因此, subsequent接下来的, execute, executive, persecute迫害, prosecute起诉, sue起诉, pursue, pursuit,*ensue

sign = to mark, to appoint

sign, signal, signature, significance意义, significant, signify表明, assign布置, assignment, design, designate指定, resign辞职

solv, solute = to loosen, to release, to break up

solution, absolute绝对的, dissolve溶解, resolve解决;决心, resolution, resolute

spair, sper = hope

despair绝望, desperate, prosper, prosperity繁荣,富裕, prosperous

spec, spect, spi, spic, spise = to look

spy, species物种, specimen标本, spectacles, spectacular壮观的, spectator观众, spectrum光谱;范围, speculate猜测;投机, perspective视角;观点, aspect方面, inspect, prospect前景;可能性, prospective, respective各自的, retrospect回顾, suspect怀疑, suspicion, suspicious, despise蔑视, despite, spot发现

spir = to breathe; mind

spiritual精神的, aspire, aspiration抱负, expire到期, inspire鼓舞, inspiration灵感;鼓舞

spon, spons = to promise, sponsus, sponte = to be of oneself

respond, response, sponsor赞助, spontaneous自发的, correspond对应;通信, correspondence, correspondent记者

stinc, stingu = to sting

extinct灭绝的, extinguish熄灭, distinct不同的, distinction区别, distinguish

summ = highest

summit巅峰, summarize, summary总计, summon召唤

T

tail = to cut

detail细节, tailor裁缝, retail零售, retailer

tang, tam, tact, tack, tach = to touch, to handle

contact, attack, tackle处理, tactic战术, tag标签, intact未受损的, integral整体的, integrate整合, integrity正直, attach附加, detach脱离

tect = cover

protect, protective溺爱的, *protectionism, detect察觉, detective

tempt = to try, to feel

attempt, tempt, temptation诱惑, contempt轻视

tend, tens, tent = stretch

attend, attendant服务员, tend, tendency, tedious乏味的, tend, tentative暂时的, extend, extensive广阔的, extent, intense激烈的, intensive强化的, intensify加剧, intend, intention打算, pretend

term = boundary, limit

terminal终点, terminate终结, determination决心, item物品;项

test = to give proof of

testify证明, testimony证词, contest竞赛, protest抗议

text, tec, tect = to weave, to build

textile纺织品, texture质地, tissue, context上下文;背景, pretext托词,借口, architecture建筑, technique

tour, tor, torn = to turn, to twist

torment折磨,令人痛苦的人或物, torture折磨, torrent激流, distort歪曲, retort反驳, toss抡, attorney律师

thes, thet = to put

thesis论文,论点, hypothesis(hypo=under)假设, aesthetic/esthetic美学的, theme主题,主旨

tin, ten, tain = to hold

contain包含, attain取得, attainment成就, tenant房客, *tenure, container容器;集装箱, content内容;知足的, detain拘留, entertain, maintain维持;维修;主张, obtain获得, retain保持, sustain支撑

tr, ter, terr = frighten

terror, horror恐惧, terrific极好的, deteriorate恶化, tremble颤抖, tremendous巨大的

tribute = to give

contribute, attribute把归因于, distribute分配;分布, distribution, tribute贡品;颂词,礼物

trans, tra = across, over, to turn www.shhmba.com

translate, transport, transform, transmit传导;发射, transplant移植, transaction交易, transcend超越, transition过渡, transparent透明的, trade, trademark, tradition, traffic, betray背叛, traitor叛徒, treason叛国, trap陷阱;使中套, trip, tropics热带, tropical

tract, treat = to draw, line

tractor拖拉机, contract合同;收缩, abstract摘要, attract吸引, distract转移注意, extract抽取, subtract减, trace痕迹, track小径, trail轨道, train, trolley电车, trait特征, tramp, retreat后撤, retrieve检索

tut, tuit = to look at的过去分词

intuition直觉, tuition学费, tutor辅导

U

uti, us = to use

abuse滥用;孽待, utilize利用, utility利用;公用事业(费)

V

vac, van, void = to empty

vacation, vacant空缺, vacuum真空, vain徒劳的, vanity虚荣, van, vanish消失, void空虚, avoid, evacuate撤离, evade逃避, want

vad, vas = to go

invade, evade, evasion, invasion侵略, *wade,

vag = to wander

extravagant奢侈的,铺张的, vague不明确的

val, vail = to be strong, to be of worth, to be effective

evaluate评估, invaluable, valid有效的, invalid, avail, available可以得到的, equivalent等效的人或物, prevail盛行, prevalent

ven, vent = to come (regularly)

event事件;运动项目, avenue大街, revenue财政收入, adventure历险, venture合资企业, convenience, convention, conventional常规的, inventory存货, intervene干涉

vers, vert = to turn, to turn over

versatile多才多艺的;全能的, verse诗歌, version版本, versus对;抗, adverse不利的, advertise, anniversary周年, avert避免;转移(注意力), convert转变, conversion, conversely相反地, controversy争议, reverse反面;逆转;倒车, diverse各色各样的, diversity多样化, divert, invert, universe, universal普遍的

vi, voy, vey = way, to go

via, deviate偏离, voyage, convey传达,表达, vehicle车辆, previous

vict, vig, vince = to conquer, to prove

victory, victim受害者, vigor活力, vigorous, convict判刑, conviction, convince说服, province, revenge报复,报仇

vir, virt, ver = excellence, true www.shhmba.com

virtual虚拟世界的, virtually几乎, virtue美德, virgin处女, verify证明

vis, vid, wis, wit, view = to look

visual视力的, visa, invisible无形的, vision视力;想象力;远见, envisage想象, supervise监督, video, evidence, evident明显的, envy妒忌, envious, review, survey调查, wise, wisdom智慧, wit机智, witness目击, *idol(vid),

vit, viv, bio = life

vivid生动的, survive, revive复苏, vital, vitamin, biology

voc, voke = to sound, to call

vocational, advocate提倡, evoke激发, provoke挑衅,激怒;激起, provocative, devote投身, veto否决

vol, volve = to roll, to wind

evolve进化, volume册;音量;体积, involve使卷入;需要, revolve围绕, revolution革命, revolt反叛, valley峡谷, valve阀门

W

war, ward, guar, gar = to pay attention to, to protect

ward病房;防止,避开(off), wardrobe衣柜;全部服装(pl.), steward乘务员, aware, warn, warrant授权令;(正当)理由;证明…正确的warehouse仓库, panorama全景;概述, guard, safeguard, regard, guarantee, garage, garment衣服, *wary谨慎的

篇幅所限,本文就和大家交流至此。本文所阐述的内容,辅以我们英语老师所处讲义有关,再加上坚韧不拔、百折不回之精神,必将在背记词汇中生出摧枯拉朽,碎金裂石之功效。假以时日,同学们在各类英语考试中取得优异成绩当指日可待。我在上海华宏MBA培训中心恭候佳音!

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