网易首页 > 教育频道 > 留学频道 > 正文

2011年美国"门户开放报告

0
分享至
核心提示:来自中国的学生数量增长,特别在大学水平,占去年增长量的很大一部分。中国学生总共增加了23.3%,大学水平(的学生)增加了43%。

报告原文

2011年11月14日 - 根据每年由国际教育协会(IIE)与美国国务院教育及文化局合作发布的开放门户(Open Doors)报告,美国学院和大学中的国际学生数量在2010/11学年增长了5%,达到723,277人。这代表着在美国的国际学生数量达到一个创纪录的高水平。这是开放门户数据中的国际学生总数连续第五年增长,现在在美国学院和大学学习的国际学生比十年前增加了32%。

来自中国的学生数量增长,特别在大学水平,占去年增长量的很大一部分。中国学生总共增加了23.3%,大学水平(的学生)增加了43%。

“因为我们学院和大学的卓越性和多样性,在世界范围内有更多学生正选择在美国学习,”助理国务卿(R)安•斯托克说。“在国外学习的年轻人会获得为21世纪的挑战创造解决方案所必要的全球技能。反过来,国际学生使我们的院校和社区全球化。”

“在吸引来自全世界的学生,并使美国学生准备好在一个越来越全球化的环境中取得成功上,我们的高等教育机构继续独占鳌头,这是个正面消息,”国际教育协会总裁兼首席执行官艾伦•古德曼说。“双向教育交流进一步加强了美国和其他国家间的商务和文化联系。”

在美国入学的中国学生增长到总共约158,000名学生,占国际学生总人数的约22%,使中国连续两年成为输送(学生)最多的国家。来自印度的学生,美国的第二大国际人群,减少了1%,降到约104,000人。韩国是第三大的来源国,有73,000多人,增加了2%,构成总数的10%。

这三大输送国 - 中国、印度和韩国 - 一起构成美国高等教育国际(学生)入学总数的将近一半(46%)。加拿大、台湾、沙特阿拉伯和日本每国占国际学生总人数的约3%到4%,前七位的来源国构成总数的约60%。

大学水平的国际(学生)入学数达到291,439人,增长了6%。该增长使大学水平国际学生数量更加接近研究生水平国际学生的数量296,574人。研究生、大学水平的国际学生比例在过去十年中有所波动。2000年1月,大学水平的国际学生更多,但在2001年2月该情况被逆转,从此之后研究生国际(学生)入学数一直高于大学水平。今年,这个差距有所缩短,与此前一年研究生比大学生多约20,000人相比,2010年11月研究生只多近5,000人。非学位项目中的国际学生总数,包括短期项目和英语学习,增加了8%,达到59,000人以上。

门户开放报告亮点

2009年10月美国最受国际学生欢迎的10大研究领域是商务与管理(总数的22%),工程学(19%),数学与计算机科学(9%),自然与生命科学(9%),社会科学(9%),实用艺术(5%),卫生健康专业(5%),英语强化(5%),教育(2%),人文(2%)以及农业(1%)。未申报专业不包括在顶级研究领域排名之内。

南加利福尼亚大学连续十年成为领先院校,2010年11月有国际学生8,615人。伊利诺伊大学厄巴那 - 香槟分校接待外国学生数量高居第二位(7,991人),纽约大学紧随其后,排在第三位(7,988人)。10大中的其他院校是:普渡大学(7,562人),哥伦比亚大学(7,297人),加利福尼亚大学 - 洛杉矶分校(6,249人),俄亥俄州立大学(以6,082人从前一年的第15位上升到前10),密歇根大学 - 安娜堡分校(5,995人),密歇根州立大学(5,748人),以及哈佛大学(以5,594人从第14名上升到前10)。

加利福尼亚仍是最受国际学生欢迎的州(96,535人,增加2%),随后是纽约(78,888人,增加4%),德克萨斯(61,636人,增加5%),马萨诸塞(38,698,增加10%),伊利诺伊(33,766人,增加9%),宾夕法尼亚(30,507人,增加9%),佛罗里达(29,719人,保持不变),俄亥俄(24,709人,增加11%),密歇根(24,668人,增加2%),以及印第安那(20,112人,增加8%)。

关于美国"门户开放报告"

"开放门户"报告由国际教育协会(Institute of International Education)发表,该协会是美国非营利性教育和文化交流组织的领军机构。国际教育协会自1919年以来,每年都开展美国国际学生年度统计数据调查,自70年代早期开始与美国国务院教育及文化事务局合作。统计数字基于对美国约3000所经认证的接待国际学生的学院调查得来。"开放门户"也报告包括对美国大学中的国际学者、就读学前英语强化课程的国际学生、以及在海外留学的美国学生(1985年至今)的调查。

英文原文

November 14, 2011

LED BY STRONG INCREASE IN STUDENTS FROM CHINA, INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ENROLLMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES

INCREASED BY 5 PERCENT IN 2010/11

China top sending country; USC top host university; California top host state; NYC top host city; Women represent 45 percent of international students; Business and Management, Engineering remain top fields of study

November 14, 2011 – The number of international students at colleges and universities in the United States increased by five percent to 723,277 during the 2010/11 academic year, according to the Open Doors report, which is published annually by the Institute of International Education (IIE) in partnership with the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. This represents a record high number of international students in the United States. This is the fifth consecutive year that Open Doors figures show growth in the total number of international students, and there are now 32 percent more international students studying at U.S. colleges and universities than there were a decade ago.

Increased numbers of students from China, particularly at the undergraduate level, largely accounts for the growth this past year. Chinese students increased by 23.3 percent in total and by 43 percent at the undergraduate level.

"Because of the excellence and diversity of our colleges and universities, more students worldwide are choosing to study in the United States," said Ann Stock, Assistant Secretary of State (R). "Young people who study abroad gain the global skills necessary to create solutions to 21st Century challenges. In turn, international students globalize our campuses and communities."

"It is positive news that our higher education institutions continue to excel in attracting students from all over the world, and in preparing American students to succeed in an increasingly global environment," said Allan Goodman, President and CEO of the Institute of International Education.  "Educational exchange in both directions furthers business and cultural ties between the United States and other countries."

Chinese student enrollment in the United States rose to a total of nearly 158,000 students, or nearly 22 percent of the total international student population, making China the leading sending country for the second year in a row. Students from India, the second largest international cohort in the United States, decreased by one percent to a total of nearly 104,000.   South Korea is the third leading place of origin, with more than 73,000 students, increasing by two percent and making up 10 percent of the total.

Together, the top three sending countries – China, India and South Korea – comprise nearly half (46 percent) of the total international enrollments in U.S. higher education. Canada, Taiwan, Saudi Arabia, and Japan each represent approximately three to four percent of the total international student population, with these top seven places of origin comprising about 60 percent of the total.

International enrollments at the undergraduate level reached 291,439, an increase of six percent.  This increase brings the number of undergraduate international students much closer to the number of graduate level international students at 296,574. The proportion of graduate to undergraduate international students has fluctuated over the past decade. In 2000/01, there were more undergraduate international students, but this was reversed in 2001/02, and graduate international enrollments since then have remained higher than undergraduate. This year, the gap has narrowed, with close to 5,000 more graduate students in 2010/11 compared to nearly 20,000 more graduate students than undergraduate students the previous year. The total number of international students in non-degree programs, including short-term programs and English language study, was up 8 percent to more than 59,000.

Highlights

The top 10 most popular fields of study for international students in the United States in 2009/10 were Business and Management (22 percent of total), Engineering (19 percent), Mathematics and Computer Science (9 percent), Physical and Life Sciences (9 percent), Social Sciences (9 percent), Fine & Applied Arts (5 percent), Health Professions (5 percent), Intensive English Language (5 percent), Education (2 percent), Humanities (2 percent), and Agriculture (1 percent). Undeclared majors are excluded from the rankings of top fields of study.

For the tenth year in a row, the University of Southern California is the leading host institution, with 8,615 international students in 2010/11. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign hosts the second highest number of foreign students (7,991), with New York University a close #3 (7,988). Other campuses in the top 10 are: Purdue University (7,562), Columbia University (7,297), University of California – Los Angeles (6,249), Ohio State University (moving up from #15 the previous year, with 6,082), University of Michigan – Ann Arbor (5,995), Michigan State University (5,748), and Harvard University (moving up from #14 with 5,594).

California remains the leading host state for international students (96,535, up 2 percent), followed by New York (78,888, up 4 percent), Texas (61,636, up 5 percent), Massachusetts (38,698, up 10 percent), Illinois (33,766, up 9 percent), Pennsylvania (30,507, up 9 percent), Florida (29,719, no change), Ohio (24,709, up 11 percent), Michigan (24,668, up 2 percent), and Indiana (20,112, up 8 percent).

About The Open Doors report

The Open Doors report is published by the Institute of International Education, the leading not-for-profit educational and cultural exchange organization in the United States.  IIE has conducted an annual statistical survey of the international students in the United States since 1919, in partnerships with the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs since the early 1970s. The census is based on a survey of approximately 3,000 accredited U.S. institutions which host international students. Open Doors also reports on surveys on international scholars at U.S. universities; international students enrolled in pre-academic Intensive English Programs; and on U.S. students studying abroad (since 1985).

相关推荐
热点推荐
张雨绮挑战撑伞妆,在领口放“牙签”引发热议,网友:“没看懂”

张雨绮挑战撑伞妆,在领口放“牙签”引发热议,网友:“没看懂”

娱乐圈的阿三
2021-10-23 23:02:58
李云迪嫖娼女主曝其嫖娼细节:傻白甜,每次都要戴帽子和口罩

李云迪嫖娼女主曝其嫖娼细节:傻白甜,每次都要戴帽子和口罩

娱翅星闻官
2021-10-22 17:28:47
“不需要中国出兵”!普京对华表态8天后,“台独”嗅到末日信号

“不需要中国出兵”!普京对华表态8天后,“台独”嗅到末日信号

前沿时刻
2021-10-23 19:37:39
女方相亲带5个闺蜜,消费5000元,男方没吃只付了20元餐具费

女方相亲带5个闺蜜,消费5000元,男方没吃只付了20元餐具费

唐戈
2021-10-23 15:56:15
跳河的实验班班主任遗体已找到,教委:遗书内容不实,生前吃抗抑药

跳河的实验班班主任遗体已找到,教委:遗书内容不实,生前吃抗抑药

学生会连任主席
2021-10-24 06:11:15
混血姐妹说好一起胖,却掀起减肥内卷,最后成果像换了个人

混血姐妹说好一起胖,却掀起减肥内卷,最后成果像换了个人

英国那些事儿
2021-10-24 00:10:28
肠爆裂入院!49岁著名女星情况危殆,老公泪洒病房:求你活下去!

肠爆裂入院!49岁著名女星情况危殆,老公泪洒病房:求你活下去!

TVB剧透君
2021-10-23 13:50:31
油价已暴涨60%!多国汽油价每升破9元

油价已暴涨60%!多国汽油价每升破9元

中国基金报
2021-10-24 07:58:28
公开质疑“碎银子”!终于承认加香精!终于承认加香料

公开质疑“碎银子”!终于承认加香精!终于承认加香料

奶茶能续命
2021-10-23 22:08:59
23省份今年前三季度GDP数据出炉,8省份增速跑赢全国

23省份今年前三季度GDP数据出炉,8省份增速跑赢全国

澎湃新闻
2021-10-23 22:17:47
凌晨2点热力图,谁是真正的不夜城

凌晨2点热力图,谁是真正的不夜城

曦哲娱乐站
2021-10-24 01:59:15
宁波30岁男子拎了下桶装水,瘫痪了!周杰伦、张嘉译也受它折磨!年轻男性警惕……

宁波30岁男子拎了下桶装水,瘫痪了!周杰伦、张嘉译也受它折磨!年轻男性警惕……

环球网资讯
2021-10-24 07:18:20
美女世界冠军放弃中国籍,嫁入一夫多妻阿拉伯国家,如今怎样了?

美女世界冠军放弃中国籍,嫁入一夫多妻阿拉伯国家,如今怎样了?

黑猩猩智库
2021-10-23 23:21:17
阿拉斯加犬洗澡后烘干中暑死亡?宠物店“自证清白”:让员工38℃烘干箱内亲测两个半小时

阿拉斯加犬洗澡后烘干中暑死亡?宠物店“自证清白”:让员工38℃烘干箱内亲测两个半小时

红星新闻
2021-10-23 20:08:31
李云迪被捉细节疑遭曝光,传女主供出他是常客!被捉都不是第一次

李云迪被捉细节疑遭曝光,传女主供出他是常客!被捉都不是第一次

乐翻天八卦狂人
2021-10-24 00:56:42
一条让人瞠目结舌的新闻,西方这样内讧了!

一条让人瞠目结舌的新闻,西方这样内讧了!

牛弹琴
2021-10-24 08:02:43
佟丽娅离婚后就开挂!穿女团服秀性感身材,甜美笑容赢过门面担当

佟丽娅离婚后就开挂!穿女团服秀性感身材,甜美笑容赢过门面担当

时尚丽人风行
2021-10-23 20:17:45
松下全新不锈钢自行车

松下全新不锈钢自行车

体育赛事名场面
2021-10-24 03:05:44
人民日报为西北疫情定性,嘉峪关没有及时上报省疾控和通知西安

人民日报为西北疫情定性,嘉峪关没有及时上报省疾控和通知西安

热点社会深挖
2021-10-24 09:53:10
25岁女教师“摇身一变”成副校长,遭网友质疑:二本毕业当校长?

25岁女教师“摇身一变”成副校长,遭网友质疑:二本毕业当校长?

请叫我教育君
2021-10-23 17:46:55
2021-10-24 12:04:49

头条要闻

塔利班斩首了阿富汗女排选手?媒体求证发现有蹊跷

头条要闻

塔利班斩首了阿富汗女排选手?媒体求证发现有蹊跷

体育要闻

助攻+破门+乌龙 伊布还是永远的主角

娱乐要闻

于谦马场拆迁获赔4个亿?本尊回应

财经要闻

科技要闻

袁隆平院士的这个遗愿实现了!

汽车要闻

售价48万起 2023款路虎发现特别版海外发布

态度原创

教育
亲子
家居
数码
公开课

教育要闻

强化监管主动公开信息 避免受教育者轻信虚假承诺

亲子要闻

生个孩子,究竟有多凶险?

家居要闻

祖孙三人同睡一张床 43㎡老屋爆改后拥别墅级厨房

数码要闻

从未发布的苹果VideoPad被拍卖 售价或达12000美元

公开课

荒唐人生:一代明相张居正,最后牡丹花下死

×