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历年四六级改错真题集合

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改错: 历年全真试题及参考答案 (00.1-06.12)

00.1

Until the very latest moment of his existence, man

has been bound to the planet on which he originated and

developed. Now he had the capability to leave that planet                      S1._______

and move out into the universe to those worlds which he

has known previously only directly. Men have explored                       S2._______

parts of the moon, put spaceships in orbit around another

planet and possibly within the decade will land into another                    S3._______

planet and explore it. Can we be too bold as to                              S4._______

suggest that we may be able to colonize other planet                         S5._______

within the not - too - distant future ? Some have advocated

such a procedure as a solution to the population

problem: ship the excess people off to the moon. But

we must keep in head the billions of dollars we might                         S6._______

spend in carrying out the project. To maintain the

earth's population at its present level. we would have

to blast off into space 7,500 people every hour of

every day of the year.

Why are we spending so little money on space                          S7._______

exploration ? Consider the great need for improving                          S8._______

many aspects of the global environment, one is surely

justified in his concern for the money and resources

that they are poured into the space exploration efforts.                        S9._______

But perhaps we should look at both sides of the

coin before arriving hasty conclusions.                                    S10._______

00.6

When you start talking about good and bad manners

you immediately start meeting difficulties. Many

people just cannot agree what they mean. We asked a

lady, who replied that she thought you could tell a

well-mannered person on the way they occupied the                         S1._______

space around them—for example, when such a person

walks down a street he or she is constantly unaware of                       S2._______

others. Such people never bump into other people.

However, a second person thought that this was

more a question of civilized behavior as good manners.                      S3._______

Instead, this other person told us a story, it he                              S4._______

said was quite well known, about an American who

had been invited to an Arab meal at one of the countries                      S5._______

of the Middle East. The American hasn't been                              S6._______

told very much about the kind of food he might

expect. If he had known about American food, he                           S7._______

might have behaved better.

Immediately before him was a very flat piece of

bread that looked, to him, very much as a napkin (餐巾).                     S8._______

Picking it up, he put it into his collar, so that it

falls across his shirt. His Arab host, who had been                          S9._______

watching, said of nothing, but immediately copied                          S10._______

the action of his guest.

And that, said this second person, was a fine

example of good manners.

01.6

More people die of tuberculosis (结核病) than of any

other disease caused by a single agent. This has probably

been the case in quite a while. During the early stages of                     S1. ________

the industrial revolution, perhaps one in every seventh                      S2. ________

deaths in Europe's crowded cities were caused by the                       S3. ________

disease. From now on, though, western eyes, missing the                     S4. ________

global picture, saw the trouble going into decline. With

occasional breaks for war, the rates of death and

infection in the Europe and America dropped steadily                        S5. ________

through the 19th and 20th centuries. In the 1950s, the

introduction of antibiotics (抗菌素) strengthened the

trend in rich countries, and the antibiotics were allowed

to be imported to poor countries. Medical researchers                       S6. ________

declared victory and withdrew.

They are wrong. In the mid-1980s the frequency of                     S7. ________

infections and deaths started to pick up again around the

world. Where tuberculosis vanished, it came back; in                        S8. ________

many places where it had never been away, it grew better.                    S9. ________

The World Health Organization estimates that 1.7

billion people (a third of the earth's population) suffer

from tuberculosis. Even when the infection rate was

falling, population growth kept the number of clinical

cases more or less constantly at 8 million a year. Around                    S10. ________

3 million of those people died, nearly all of them in poor

countries.

02.1

Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting

behavior. Viewing biologically, the modern footballer is revealed as a         S1.________

member of a disguised hunting pack. His killing weapon has turned into

a harmless football and his prey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is inaccurate     S2.________

and he scores a goal, enjoys the hunter's triumph of killing his prey.           S3._________

To understand how this transformation has taken place we

must briefly look up at our ancient ancestors. They spent over a              S4.________

million year evolving as co-operative hunters. Their very survival            S5._______

depended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure their whole

way of life, even if their bodies, became radically changed. They became       S6.________

chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and prey-killers.

They co-operate as skillful male-group attackers.                      S7.________

Then, about ten thousand years ago, when this immensely long               S8.________

formative period of hunting for food, they became farmers. Their

improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life, were put to a new       S9._______

use-that of penning ( 把……关在圈中), controlling and domesticating

their prey. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The

risks and uncertainties of farming were no longer essential for survival.         S10._______

02.6

A great many cities are experiencing difficulties which

are nothing new in the history of cities, except in their scale.

Some cities have lost their original purpose and have not found

new one. And any large or rich city is going to attract poor                  S1._________

immigrants, who flood in, filling with hopes of prosperity                   S2._________

which are then often disappointing. There are backward towns

on the edge of Bombay or Brasilia, just as though there were                 S3._________

on the edge of seventeenth-century London or early nine-

teenth-century Paris. This is new is the scale. Descriptions                   S4._________

written by eighteenth-century travelers of the poor of Mexico

City, and the enormous contrasts that was to be found there,                 S5._________

are very dissimilar to descriptions of Mexico City today - the               S6._________

poor can still be numbered in millions.

The whole monstrous growth rests on economic prosperity,

but behind it lies two myths: the myth of the city as a                       S7._________

promised land, that attracts immigrants from rural poverty                   S8._________

and brings it flooding into city centers, and the myth of the                  S9._________

country as a Garden of Eden, which, a few generations late,                 S10._________

sends them flooding out again to the suburbs.

03.6

The Seattle Times Company is one newspaper firm that

has recognized the need for change and done something about

it. In the newspaper industry, papers must reflect the diversity

of the communities to which they provide information.

It must reflect that diversity with their news coverage or risk                S1._______

losing their readers' interest and their advertisers' support.

Operating within Seattle, which has 20 percents racial                     S2.________

minorities, the paper has put into place policies and

procedures for hiring and maintain a diverse workforce. The                 S3._______  underlying reason for the change is that for information to be

fair, appropriate, and subjective, it should be reported by the               S4._________

same kind of population that reads it.

A diversity committee composed of reporters, editors, and

photographers meets regularly to value the Seattle Times'                  S5.________

content and to educate the rest of the newsroom staff about

diversity issues. In an addition, the paper instituted a content              S6.________

audit(审查) that evaluates the frequency and manner of

representation of woman and people of color in photographs.              S7._________

Early audits showed that minorities were pictured far too

infrequently and were pictured with a disproportionate

number of negative articles. The audit results from                       S8.________

improvement in the frequency of majority representation and               S9.________

their portrayal in neutral or positive situations. And, with a                S10._______

result, the Seattle Times has improved as a newspaper.

The diversity training and content audits helped the Seattle

Times Company to win the Personnel Journal Optimal Award

for excellence in managing change.

03.9

"Home, sweet home" is a phrase that expresses an essential attitude

in the United States. Whether the reality of life in the family

house is sweet or no sweet. The cherished ideal of home has great               S1.________

importance for many people.

This ideal is a vital part of the American dream. This dream,

dramatized in the history of nineteenth-century European settlers of the

American West, was to find a piece of place, build a house for one's              S2.________

family, and started a farm. These small households were portraits of              S3.________

independence: the entire family--mother, father, children, even

grandparents—live in a small house and working together to support             S4.________

each other. Anyone understood the life and death importance of family            S5.________

cooperation and hard work.

Although most people in the United States no longer live on

farms, but the ideal of home ownership is just as strong in the twentieth           S6.________

century as it was in the nineteenth.

When U.S, soldiers came home before World War II, for                 S7.________

example, they dreamed of buying houses and starting families. But there          S8.________

was a tremendous boom in home building. The new houses, typically

in the suburbs, were often small and more or less identical, but it                 S9.________

satisfied a deep need. Many regarded the single-family house the basis of         S10.________

their way of life.

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